Low back pain can make a person completely incapacitated as to walk, to move and even lie with this symptom can be very problematic.
The article discusses the possible causes of pain in lower spine. Describes the symptoms of diseases, methods of diagnosis and treatment.
The problem of disease in the spine are the most relevant for the elderly. But doctors often hear complaints that back pain at the bottom of the spine, from people of younger age.
Pain is a signal of malfunctions in the body. It is not a separate disease, most often, is a manifestation of a particular disease. Various lesions of the axial skeleton are the most common causes of pain in the lumbosacral region.
Back pain at the bottom of the spine can be the cause of various diseases of the back. Affected can be any of the structures of the spine — joints, vertebral discs, muscles, ligaments, tendons.
Provoking factors of abnormalities are:
There are a number of diseases in which low back pain expressed most intensely that breaks the habitual way of life.
Table 1. Disorders of the spine and their symptoms:
|Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the spine. It most often develops in the joints of the lumbosacral spine.||The disease develops gradually. Symptoms depending on the stage. At an early stage, the disease is almost asymptomatic. In the morning it hurts at the bottom of the spine, there is a small limitation. These symptoms pass after exercise. With the development of disease symptoms increases. At a later stage developed characteristic disease of the spinal deformity is a posture of the applicant (photo).|
|Hernia of the lumbar spine — a bulging of the nucleus pulposus of the disc outside of the space between the two vertebrae.||The main symptom is severe pain at the bottom of the spine. It appears due to entrapment of nerve roots. The pain may radiate to the buttock and leg. A decrease in the amplitude of movement, it is difficult to squat, climb stairs. There is a violation of skin sensitivity in the affected area, worsening the feeling of hot or cold.|
|Lumbosacral osteochondrosis — degenerative-dystrophic disease of the spine and intervertebral discs.||Pathology is manifested by pain in the buttocks and lowering the tone of the calf muscles. It becomes the cause of limitation of physical activity. Patients complain of fatigue, lack of energy. Pain in the lower spine does not allow you to choose a comfortable position for sleeping, so the body can not fully relax. Increases the sensitivity of the feet, they occur cramps. The skin of the extremities is dry, scaly.|
In addition to the above diseases, pain in the lower spine can cause disease of the internal organs. Therefore, the appearance of pain symptoms must go to a medical facility for further diagnosis and treatment.
Before prescribe treatment, the doctor must find out the reasons that caused pain. Given the complexity of establishing a diagnosis using all possible research methods.
Preliminary diagnosis at the stage of survey and examination of the patient. To confirm it, it is necessary to conduct laboratory and instrumental studies.
Timely diagnosis will prevent the development of complications and to increase the effectiveness of treatment.
Treatment of pain in the lumbar-sacral region of the spine depends on the cause, aimed at its elimination. Therapy is chosen individually.
But in any case it needs to be comprehensive:
When you have spine down, you need to reduce the burden on him. For this, the patient is prescribed bed rest and wearing orthoses — corsets, bandages, lumbar orthoses and belts.
People who are overweight are hypocaloric diet. It is necessary to exclude from the diet of fatty, fried dishes, smoked products, canned products, cakes and confectionery.
Disease in the initial stages amenable to conservative therapy. In advanced pathologies need surgical intervention. Increasingly performed using minimally invasive surgery that is less traumatic, reduces the rehabilitation period.
Treatment with drugs is important in correction of pathology of the axial skeleton and leads to an improvement in the patient's condition when selecting medications. Drug therapy is aimed at eliminating the causes and symptoms of the disease, restore function of the spine.
The price of medicines can be quite high, but without them it is impossible to achieve positive results.
Almost all medical institutions who treat musculoskeletal system, offer patients to alleviate the condition using a variety of physiotherapy. Physiotherapy is considered an effective method, because after its application decreases pain and inflammation, improve blood circulation and nutrition of articular tissues, accelerating the recovery of the whole organism.
The treatment can be continued in sanatoria, where patients enjoy therapeutic baths, showers, mud therapy.
Physical therapy in diseases of the lumbosacral spine is granted after thorough examination of the patient to exclude comorbidities and complicated forms of the disease, which can cause deterioration of the patient.
The patient is given detailed instructions on exercise:
With an exemplary set of exercises you can see by watching the video in this article.
The person feels great discomfort when pain spine at the bottom. So in the course are any ways to eliminate the pain. Along with the traditional treatment used traditional medicine.
There are many centuries of proven tools that help to deal with unpleasant manifestations of diseases of the spine:
The effectiveness of traditional recipes have long been recognized by official medicine. But before applying you should consult with your doctor.
Folk remedies for the treatment of back pain are prepared from natural ingredients
A condition when a person has sore back at the bottom of the spine the discomfort is felt requires immediate treatment to the doctor. Timely medical care reduces the risk of complications.