Osteochondrosis of the spine is the destruction of bone and cartilage of one or more of the spine. This disease can be chronic in nature and develops in almost all elderly people. POV this is due to the normal aging process.
The intervertebral discs undergo atrophic changes, and at what age this happens depends on many factors:
Overload of the spine include:
Osteochondrosis nucleus, located between the vertebrate disks, loses part of water. Because of this, the kernel is a violation of the metabolism and inhibits the access of various minerals and vitamins.
After some time the coupling disc cracks, it becomes flat. Then start to hurt the adjacent joints and ligaments, forming tissue inflammation. Due to inflammation there is a shift of the adjacent vertebrae. It's dangerous appearance of root symptoms: pain along the course of the affected nerve.
It is also possible the appearance of herniated discs, and she, in turn, could trigger compression of the spinal cord. For degenerative disc disease characterized by the appearance of osteophytes – bony growths on the vertebral bodies. These tumors can compress the spinal cord and cause radicular syndrome.
Most often, osteochondrosis of the subject to cervical and lumbar.
The main symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine – pain in the head and neck. The person suffers from strong headaches, neck pain, radiating into the arm, pain in the sternum. The patient may complain of backache – the emergence of sharp pain in the neck, muscle spasm of the muscles and limitation of movement.
Also the person can hear the crunch when turning the neck. For pinched nerves and blood vessels a person may experience a numbness of tongue and fingertips. The patient will complain of decrease in hearing and vision, increased blood pressure and weakness in the muscles of the arms and legs.
This type of osteoarthritis is fairly rare. It POV associated with the anatomical structure of the thoracic spine. It consists of 12 vertebrae, which connection is connected to the rib through the joints. Ahead of the ribs between junctions connect the breastbone. This creates the excellent frame of the spine, the sternum and the ribs, which protects the internal organs from various injuries.
The thoracic vertebrae have a small height and long spinous processes, which are located one above the other, like shingles. Because of this structure of the spine has a small mobility. The intervertebral discs of the thoracic are rarely traumatized.
The reasons for the formation of this type of osteochondrosis:
As with other types, the main symptom of degenerative disc disease of the thoracic pain.
Ale when breast osteochondrosis pain may be different. Dorsalgia is a long uncomfortable and slight pain during thoracic vertebrae. The pain can affect the cervical and lumbar region.
Dorigo – one of the symptoms of osteochondrosis of thoracic in which the pain occurs in the form of attack. By nature it is intense, sharp, leads to difficulty breathing, leads to the restriction m of asovih movements. In addition to pain, patients may experience numbness of the Breasts, sexual dysfunction, pain in the heart, kidneys and stomach.
The spine is designed so that in the thoracic region it narrows, so of hernia that occurs due to degenerative disc disease, will lead to compression of the spinal cord. This will easily lead to problems of the heart, pancreas, liver and kidneys, because the thoracic POV associated with these organs nerve fibres. That is why it is very important to pay a doctor. It will help the connection to figure out where did that concern you signs of osteoarthritis and conduct competent treatment of the disease.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine occurs because of heavy lifting. Normal In the center of the intervertebral disc is the nucleus, containing a large amount of water. Due to the liquid core becomes a little compressed, and the gap will need a compression of 500 kg.
However, affected with osteochondrosis of the disk becomes weaker and the gap will need a total of 200 kg. If a person weighing 70 kg will raise a 15 kg load in the bent position, and for the spine is the load 200 kg, — the intervertebral disc may rupture. That is why the first symptoms of spinal osteochondrosis manifested when lifting weights.
In the transition of degenerative disc disease at the sacral region of the patient connection is a pain in the kidneys and impaired urination.
Treatment of osteochondrosis conduct a neurologist. For a start, he conducts the examination of the vertebral column, draws attention to the presence of scoliosis. After feeling the doctor will be able to understand how the affected the spine, tendon and nerve.
After the neurologist suspects degenerative disc disease of the spine, it can direct the patient for further examination. Come in here passing the x-ray examination, magnetic resonance imaging. If you suspect a fracture of the intervertebral disc is discography. Also it is prescribed to determine the extent of the nerve paths.
In General, the diagnosis "osteochondrosis" put very difficult. After all, people may complain of pain in the heart, liver, kidney, pancreas, or sexual dysfunction. But all the same, with careful examination experienced doctor can suspect this disease and prescribe the correct treatment.
Therapy of osteoarthritis is a very long and difficult process. In the acute phase Khvorov need to rest the affected segment. If the affected cervical spine, the patient must wear the retainer collar Trench. If it hurts the lumbar – Khvorov requires bed rest. It is best to place a patient in a hospital. Only there he will be able to fully comply with assigned regime. Bed such patient needs to be tough. For this purpose under the mattress put a wooden shield.
As mentioned above, the main symptom of the disease is pain. Therefore, Khvorov for the relief of pain and other symptoms of degenerative disc disease is assigned analgesics.
Also prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Unfortunately, the prolonged use of these drugs causes damage to the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract and the patient connection are the following symptoms:
May also aggravate peptic ulcer or gastric connections to be cravatica. Therefore, before using these drugs should consult with a doctor. If the pain caused by degenerative disc disease, lasts for 3 months, together with these drugs are prescribed antidepressants. It is established that besides the calming effect, they can reduce the pain.
All of the above drugs can be attributed to symptomatic therapy. They will help to relieve the pain but will not relieve a person from the disease.
To restore the intervertebral discs and cartilage are assigned chondroprotectors. These drugs improve the metabolism of the connective tissue and contribute to cartilage regeneration. The drug is taken for a long period of time, an average of 4 – 6 months.
In addition to repair damaged tissues and improve metabolism and in them, these drugs have analgesic effects. Another group of medicines needed in osteochondrosis of the spine are drugs that improve blood circulation. Their use contributes to the dilation of blood vessels, but if in conjunction with them to take drugs, antioxidants, the person to improve the metabolism of nerve cells.
As with any illness, patients required calcium supplements. He will restore the activity of bone tissues, increase the strength of ligaments and tendons, and also as the prevention of osteoporosis – a disease that accompanies degenerative disc disease.
Metered load on the spine will improve the patient's condition. But to perform exercises to be very accurate. In the acute phase physical exercise is contraindicated. Only reducing pain, you can start to do a little bit.
Exercise will improve blood circulation in the spine, strengthen soft touch. Due to the blood flow improve metabolism and begin restoration of damaged intervertebral discs. But we need also to remember to remember that exercises should be performed regularly, otherwise the result will be.
In the absence of effect of conservative treatment and complications of degenerative disc disease, assigned to surgical treatment. During the operation, perform stabilization of the spine, relieves pressure on the spinal cord and roots. If a person has a disc herniation is removed. Since this operation may damage the spinal cord and nerves, it's only done for health reasons.
The physiotherapy has a positive effect on the disease course and accelerates the recovery process. Osteochondrosis is permissible:
All these procedures improve blood circulation in the diseased area, enabling you to relax soft muscles and to relax the entire body. Physiotherapy is assigned to the rehabilitation period when patients concerned about severe pain.
From degenerative disc disease no one is immune. After all, we all get old, and with us getting older and our body. In order for the disease has not ruined your plans, we still have with youth sports. Moderate exercise improves blood circulation, normal metabolism. Also coached the soft muscles that protect the spine. For the prevention of osteochondrosis, each person must:
People who suffer from this disease it is particularly important to follow all the recommendations, because failure to do so will lead to aggravation. When the pain in the back, which is a long time to pass, you need to pay for help. Only a doctor can make a correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
Do not tighten with a visit to the clinic, because the disease, are best treated in the early stages. Also, do not self-medicate – every drug has its contraindications, which you may not know. Follow all recommendations of the doctor and then the disease will soon depart!